Indian Elections

India is the largest democratic country in the world, the people of India elect their representatives every five years by participating in the Assembly / Lok Sabha elections. For the Chunavri process, the Election Commission of India is the apex and powerful body that conducts the elections. The electoral process has become much easier due to the use of electronic voting machines (EVMs) for this election process.

The Parliament of India has 2 Houses: Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Lok Sabha: Members of the Lok Sabha elect the Prime Minister of the country.

Rajya Sabha: Rajya Sabha is the upper house of the Parliament. The total strength of Rajya Sabha is 245 members and the term of each member is 6 years. The Rajya Sabha is for the representation of the states in the Parliament and the Rajya Sabha MPs are elected by the members of the electoral college of the respective State Legislatures / Union Territories.

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Amit Singh

Indian National Lok Dal

Atul Nagpal

Aam Aadmi Party

Charanjit Singh Brar

Shiromani Akali Dal

Bikram Moffar

Indian National Congress

Bikram Moffar

Indian National Congress

Vikram Singh

Indian National Congress

Amit Manto

Indian National Congress

Joginder Pal

Indian National Congress

Amit Manto

Indian National Congress

Barinder Pahra

Indian National Congress

Aruna Chaudhary

Indian National Congress

Fateh Jung Singh Bajwa

Indian National Congress

Ashwani Sekhri

Indian National Congress

Balwinder Singh

Indian National Congress

Tript Rajinder Singh Bajwa

Indian National Congress

Sukhjinder Singh Randhawa

Indian National Congress

Harpartap Singh

Indian National Congress

Sukhbinder Singh Sarkaria

Indian National Congress

Lalli Majithia

Indian National Congress

Sukhwinder Singh Danny Bandala

Indian National Congress

Sunil Dutti

Indian National Congress

Dr. Rajkumar Verka

Indian National Congress

Navjot Singh Sidhu

Indian National Congress

Inderbir Singh Bolaria

Indian National Congress

Tarsem Singh DC

Indian National Congress

Dharambir Agnihotri

Indian National Congress

Sukhpal Singh Bhullar

Indian National Congress

Harminder Singh Gill

Indian National Congress

Ramanjit Singh Sikki

Indian National Congress

Rana Gurjeet Singh

Indian National Congress

Navtej Singh Cheema

Indian National Congress

Joginder Singh Mann

Indian National Congress

Vikramjit Singh Chaudhary

Indian National Congress

Jagbir Singh Brar

Indian National Congress

Hardev Singh Laddi

Indian National Congress

Chaudhary Surinder Singh

Indian National Congress

Rajinder Beri

Indian National Congress

Avtar Singh Junior

Indian National Congress

Pargat Singh

Indian National Congress

Mohinder Singh Kaypee

Indian National Congress

Arun Dogra

Indian National Congress

Sangat Singh Gilzian

Indian National Congress

Pawan Adia

Indian National Congress

Sunder Sham Arora

Indian National Congress

Dr. Raj Kumar chabbewal

Indian National Congress

Lov Kumar Goldy

Indian National Congress

Angad Singh Nawanshahr

Indian National Congress

Darshan Lal Mangupur

Indian National Congress

Brinder Singh Dhillon

Indian National Congress

Charanjit Singh Channi

Indian National Congress

Jagmohan Singh Kang

Indian National Congress

Balbir Singh Sidhu

Indian National Congress

Gurpreet Singh

Indian National Congress

Kuljit Singh Nagra

Indian National Congress

Randeep Singh Nabha

Indian National Congress

Gurkirat Singh Kotli

Indian National Congress

Amrik Singh Dhillon

Indian National Congress

Sanjay Talwar

Indian National Congress

Kamaljit Singh karwal

Indian National Congress

Surinder Kumar Dawar

Indian National Congress

Rakesh Pandey

Indian National Congress

Lakhvir Singh

Indian National Congress

Malkit Singh Dakha

Indian National Congress

Darshan Singh Brar

Indian National Congress

Harjot Kamal

Indian National Congress

Kulbir Singh Zira

Indian National Congress

Rana Singh

Indian National Congress

Ravneet Singh Bittu

Indian National Congress

Davinder Ghubaya

Indian National Congress

Sunil Jakhar

Indian National Congress

Nathu Ram

Indian National Congress

Captain Amarinder Singh

Indian National Congress

Amarinder Singh Raja Warring

Indian National Congress

Ajaib Singh Bhatti

Indian National Congress

Karan Kaur Brar

Indian National Congress

Kikki Dhillon

Indian National Congress

Bhai Harnirpal Singh

Indian National Congress

Gurpreet Singh Kangar

Indian National Congress

Pritam Singh Kotbhai

Indian National Congress

Manpreet Singh Badal

Indian National Congress

Khushbaz Singh Jattana

Indian National Congress

Harminder Singh Jassi

Indian National Congress

Manoj Bala

Indian National Congress

Ajit Inder Singh Mofar

Indian National Congress

Ranjit Kaur Bhatti

Indian National Congress

Bibi Rajinder Kaur Bhattal

Indian National Congress

MLA Ajaib Singh Ratol

Indian National Congress

Daaman Bajwa

Indian National Congress

Joginder Singh Mla

Indian National Congress

Kewal Singh Dhillon

Indian National Congress

Smt. Harchand Kaur

Indian National Congress

Smt. Harchand Kaur

Indian National Congress

Razia Sultana

Indian National Congress

Surjit Singh Dhiman

Indian National Congress

Dalvir Singh "Goldy Khangura

Indian National Congress

Vijay Inder Singla Sangrur

Indian National Congress

Sadhu Singh Dharamsot

Indian National Congress

Brahm Mohindra

Indian National Congress

Hardial Singh Kamboj

Indian National Congress

Deepinder Singh Dhillon

Indian National Congress

Lok Sabha elections are held every five years in order to elect the next Prime Minister of India. People vote for their preferred party and the candidate of the winning party goes on to represent the Prime Minister of our country. The Lok Sabha elections are also called general elections. The Lok Sabha has a maximum strength of 552 members, with two nominations by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian community. Twenty of the members are from union territories while 530 members are represented from the state.

Any party which manages at least 273 seats is considered victorious and is eligible to form the central government. The parties are at liberty to announce their prime ministerial candidate either before the elections or after the victory. The Prime Ministerial candidate is elected by the party officials.

The next Lok Sabha elections is has already been announced. The main contenders for Lok Sabha election 2019 are the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress(INC), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party(SP) and many other regional parties. Examining the political scenario of Indian general election 2019, BJP is clearly taking the lead as it has a stronghold in most of the states in the country. In addition, they have Narendra Modi, who has a huge country-wide appeal.

The State Election Commission was organised after the declaration of 73rd and 74th amendment to the Constitution of India. The objective was to create a democratic administration via the local bodies within the reach of common people for social and economic justice.

The State Election Commission of each state is vested with the powers of 'superintendence, direction and control' for the preparation of electoral rolls. The Commission is also responsible for conducting elections to the urban and rural local bodies namely City Corporations, City Municipal Corporations, Town Municipal Corporations, Town Panchayats, Zilla Panchayats, Taluk Panchayats and Gram Panchayats. Each state conducts the elections to the local bodies regularly in accordance with the provision of the Sate Acts and Rules.

According to the election rules of local, self-government bodies, district election officers for panchayat elections, district municipal election, officers for elections of municipality, and city election officers for the elections of municipal corporations are appointed for carrying out various activities related to the elections. But the delimitation and allocation of seats for all reserved categories, voter's list, election programmes are carried out by the State Election Commission only.

As per the directives of the Supreme Court of India where the ordained laws are silent or make inadequate provision to deal with a given situation in the conduct of elections, the Election Commission has the residual powers under the Constitution to act in a suitable manner. The same holds for the State Election Commissions also.

The Municipal Corporations are also known as Mahanagar Palikas or Mahanagar Nigams. Each corporation has a committee which consists of a Mayor and Councilors. Mayor is the head. The members of the Municipal Corporations are elected directly by the people for a term of five years. The seats are reserved for women, SC and ST. Nevertheless, the procedure for elections to various municipal bodies is not uniform as the municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the State.

The Zila Parishad stands at the peak of the three-tier system. The constitution of Zila Parishad is different in different states. The members of the Parishad are elected by universal adult Electoral College for a period of five years. It has minimum of 50 members and can have a maximum of 75 members. The Collector or Deputy Commissioner is also the member. There are reserved seats for women, SC and ST. The head of the Zila Parishad is the CEO.

It looks after all the work related to development in the district. All the welfare programmes are executed by the Parishad only. It also undertakes construction of roads, schools for children and other public buildings. It also encourages local industries.

Block elections are held every five years in order to elect the next Prime Minister of India. People vote for their preferred party and the candidate of the winning party goes on to represent the Prime Minister of our country. The Lok Sabha elections are also called general elections. The Lok Sabha has a maximum strength of 552 members, with two nominations by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian community. Twenty of the members are from union territories while 530 members are represented from the state.

Any party which manages at least 273 seats is considered victorious and is eligible to form the central government. The parties are at liberty to announce their prime ministerial candidate either before the elections or after the victory. The Prime Ministerial candidate is elected by the party officials.

The next Lok Sabha elections is has already been announced. The main contenders for Lok Sabha election 2019 are the Bhartiya Janata Party (BJP), Indian National Congress(INC), Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP), Samajwadi Party(SP) and many other regional parties. Examining the political scenario of Indian general election 2019, BJP is clearly taking the lead as it has a stronghold in most of the states in the country. In addition, they have Narendra Modi, who has a huge country-wide appeal.

The Panchayat is the basic unit of the three-tier structure. It is an executive body of the village. People of the village directly elect the representatives of the village. People who are registered as voters and do not hold any office of profit under the government are eligible for the election to the Panchayat. The individuals who have any criminal record are not qualified to contest the elections. The Panchayat has an elected chairman, popularly known as Sarpanch. As a local body, the Panchayat is accountable to the general body of the village called Gram Sabha.

Functions of the Village Panchayat: The main functions of the village panchayat include maintenance of roads, wells, schools, public health, street lighting, libraries, reading rooms etc. The Panchayat also keeps records of births and deaths in the village. It also resolves the minor disputes among the people. It takes necessary measures for the promotion of agriculture and animal husbandry, cottage industries and so on.

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The Municipal Corporations are also known as Mahanagar Palikas or Mahanagar Nigams. Each corporation has a committee which consists of a Mayor and Councilors. Mayor is the head. The members of the Municipal Corporations are elected directly by the people for a term of five years. The seats are reserved for women, SC and ST. Nevertheless, the procedure for elections to various municipal bodies is not uniform as the municipalities are under the jurisdiction of the State.

Punjab 2017 Vote Share